A few days ago, "Mawangdui Han Tomb - Special Exhibition of Changsha Aristocratic Life" was opened to the public at the Liangzhu Museum. Bright as new lacquerware, fantastic magnificent paintings, gorgeous soft silk... 120 pieces of precious cultural relics, restored to the tombs of 2000 years ago, the early days of the Western Han Dynasty, Changsha nationality, Lili Cang, his wife, Xin Chau, and his son, a family, a daughter, a daughter, and a dancer. life. According to Luo Xiaoqun, director of the Liangzhu Museum Exhibition Education Department and Yu Yanyu, a researcher from the Hunan Museum, the ancient seals unearthed in the Mawangdui area contain both Yan Ruyuâ€™s health care and ancient prenatal education focusing on eugenics.
The book contains the secret daily serving eggs
According to Yu Yanxi, who has been studying the Mawangdui Han Tombs for many years, the unearthed scriptures at the Mawangdui Han Tombs are all-inclusive and correspond to a miniature â€œunderground private libraryâ€, most of which are ancient books that have been lost for 1-2 years. What is interesting about this is that since the idea of â€‹â€‹seeking immortality in the Han Dynasty has prevailed and the wind of health has spread across all strata of society, a number of methods for health care, beauty, and beauty have been documented in the script, and even the concept of prenatal care and prenatal education has focused on prenatal care. â€œFor example, the â€œGuidance Mapâ€ can be regarded as the earliest medical health care map found in China. In â€œHealth Preservation Partyâ€, there is a beauty face, that is, serving eggs every morning on an empty stomach and eating for 21 days can be refreshed and beautiful. A complete set of surgical procedures to remove acne is also documented in "Five Twenty Patients â€¢ Diarrhea."
In addition, Yu Yanyi particularly introduced the concept of strict birth and birth prevention in the ancient book â€œWells of Birthâ€, which coincides with the modern prenatal education. â€œIn the book, he proposed that the first month of pregnancy should be exquisite and do not eat spicy stench. In the second month of pregnancy, it is necessary to be quiet and inactive. These understandings are consistent with the concept of modern conception. The third month of pregnancy is the key. The fetus grows and is affected by the mother and the outside world. Pregnant women are more likely to be seen during this period. The gentlemen and dignified gentlemen and princes make their spirits happy and avoid touching bizarre people, so as to avoid negative emotions.Some experts believe that this is similar to today's popular 'prenatal education' and is the comparison of the existing medical literature seen so far. Early records of prenatal education."
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What exactly is the life of aristocrats in the Han Dynasty? More than 3,000 precious cultural relics unearthed from the Mawangdui Han Tomb in Changsha can be described as a comprehensive presentation. In the funeral of the Mawangdui Han Tomb, a large number of meat, fruit, wine, cakes, etc. were found. All kinds of lacquer wares with full food were elegant, colorful, and vividly decorated with delicious utensils. Changsha, a national prime minister, celebrated with a bell.
The painted pottery on display at this time was shaped like a bean, covered with a hole, and a bird-shaped new one at the top of the roof was painted with a moirÃ© pattern. At the time of unearthing, there are herbs such as Maoxiang, Galangal, Magnolia, and Artemisia in the hob. This method of blending various herbs to burn them will not only improve the indoor air, but also sterilize, eliminate turbidity, and calm the nerves. In contrast to the religious use of incense in the Chinese ceremonial rituals, which used incense to find clean odors, it can be seen that the noble life at that time was so delicate.
In addition, there are 5 musicians and musicians unearthed from Xin Chingâ€™s tomb, of which two are boasting and 3 are cymbals. They are like a family orchestra. Hibiscus uses embossed techniques and focuses on the carving of the head and face. It also applies ink painting and Zhu Miao, and the costumes are beautiful, reflecting both the level of the art of sculpture at that time and the custom of the people at that time.
The pattern is smooth and graceful. The elegant silk veil is â€œthin like a dragonfly.â€ A large number of splendid silkworms unearthed in the tomb of Ms. Simingâ€™s tomb, despite over two thousand years of ups and downs, are still vividly bright, such as gold and silver flame pattern printing yarns. The earliest three sets of printed silk fabrics seen so far can best reflect the high level of printing and dyeing techniques used at that time: the pattern is composed of thin lines, smooth and beautiful.
The entire printing process is carried out with a multi-color separation printing method using a paint paste on a dark gray square hole yarn. Although the ancients used manual overprinting, people could not find the problem of uneven print and overlap in the pattern. It can be seen that the printing technology at that time had already reached maturity. Although the well-known plain veil was not shown in the exhibition, the simulative product truly reproduced its original appearance. Luo Xiaoqun said that the plain veil of clothing and the same lightness of the cloud, the method of wearing it has not been conclusive, one that is looming outside the suit; one is the underwear of the ancients, because the sleeves are very small, and the lady at that time The higher the status of the person, the more generous the sleeves of the uniform are, and this jacket cannot be set outside the uniform.
In addition, this coat, which is 1.28 meters long, 1.9 meters long and weighs only 49 grams, is truly "thin". At that time, several textile mills in Shanghai and Beijing could not be duplicated. The Hunan Provincial Museum had commissioned the Nanjing Yunjin Institute to make copies. The first copy exceeded 80 grams. Later, the experts came together to study and found the answer. Today, the silkworm baby today is much more rounded than the silkworm pearls thousands of years ago. The silk spit is obviously thicker and heavier, and the woven clothes naturally weigh more. Later, the experts set out to study a special food-feeding silkworm to control the size of the silkworm's baby, and then use these silk-replicating yarns spun from silkworms to finally woven into a 49.5-g simulation product. It took the experts 13 years of hard work.
Demystifying the mystery of the "Corner of a Thousand-year-old Woman" in the Mawangdui Mausoleum
The Mawangdui Han Tomb is the tomb of Xiangli Cangxiang and his family in Changsha in the early Western Han Dynasty. It is located in Changsha City. From 1972 to 1974, archaeologists discovered three Western Han Dynasty tombs. The burial articles in the tombs are very rich. There are more than 3,000 relics such as silk, seals, enamel paintings, lacquer ware, pottery, bamboo slips, seals, clay seals, bamboo wares, agricultural and livestock products, and Chinese herbal medicines. Most of them are well preserved. In particular, the wife of Mawangdui Hanâ€™s ancient tomb, Siming Chase, is known as the â€œSleeping Beauty of the East.â€ She has provided a valuable model for the world's medicine and has made tremendous contributions to the culture. As early as 1972, archaeologists entered the tomb and discovered it. After the opening ceremony, they discovered with surprise that although the corpse was preserved in the temple for more than 2,000 years, it was preserved.
Why does the â€œmale of a thousand-year-old womanâ€ not rot? According to Liu Xiaobao, deputy director of the Hunan Provincial Museum, there are roughly two reasons why Xin Chingâ€™s corpse does not rot, one is buried deep, and the other is sealed. According to the geographical environment of Hunan, the soil under 8 meters underground has the characteristics of constant temperature, constant pressure and constant humidity. The second dead body is placed in a stepwise manner with four coffins, and charcoal, white plaster mud, bauxite and seal soil are used as sealing materials. Effective To hypoxia, aseptic effect. As for the cause of death of Mrs. Chingchao, Liu Xiaobao said that Xin had over a dozen illnesses such as multiple gallstones and coronary atherosclerotic heart disease. When Xin was chasing melons, 138 pieces of melon seeds were caught in the esophagus, which quickly caused the onset of gallstones, which led to heart attack and sudden death.
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