Industrialization and urbanization have caused a large number of rural laborers to shift to the secondary and tertiary industries. How will agricultural production solve the problem of who is going to farm? Haimen's answer is to speed up the entire mechanization of food production. Recently, the Haimen Municipal Government issued the â€œOpinions on Accelerating the Full Mechanization of Grain Productionâ€ and requested all district towns to establish a mechanized demonstration county for grain production in Jiangsu Province as a goal, and steadily increase the level of wheat, rice harvesting, and mechanization of straw return, and strive to achieve By 2018, the level of mechanization in food production will reach over 90%.
Focus on solving the problem of where to farm
Promoting full-scale mechanization of food production is a key measure to improve the overall level of agricultural mechanization and promote the city's agricultural modernization to a new level, and it is also an inevitable choice to solve the difficult problem of farming.
Jiangsu is a demonstration province that promotes the entire mechanization of grain production in the country. It has been accelerating the advancement of food production mechanization as an important task for modern agricultural construction. In order to create a mechanized demonstration county for grain production in Jiangsu Province, Haimen City must follow the general requirements of agricultural modernization and follow the guiding principles of â€œgovernment guidance, equipment support, technology guidance, service guarantee, and coordinated advancementâ€ to use rice and wheat crops. As the main target, speed up the innovation of agricultural machinery technology, organizational innovation and system innovation, cultivate and expand the main body of agricultural machinery service market, focus on breaking through the drying up of food production areas, consolidate and improve the level of high-efficiency plant protection and mechanical planting, promote the agronomy integration of agricultural machinery, increase grain production capacity, and enhance market competition. force.
Improve the level of mechanization of food production
According to the "opinions," the full mechanization of Haimen was mainly to serve the production of rice and wheat, two major food crops. The focus of the creation was to break through the levels of wheat, rice mechanization, efficient plant protection and grain drying.
Focusing on consolidating and enhancing the mechanization level of rice planting in Sanmai, Haimen will adopt the integrated wheat sowing technique for mechanized rice stalk return (including plough tillage return) and the mechanized straw returning technology for wheat straw to control the direct-seeded rice. We will actively cultivate centralized breeding sites and expand the area for centralized breeding. Focusing on improving the level of efficient plant protection mechanization, we will focus on the promotion and application of efficient plant protection machines such as boom sprayers, and pilot plant drone plant protection technology.
Improve grain drying capacity is the key. Haimen City will adhere to the coordination of storage, drying, and drying at the place of production, and scientifically distribute regional drying centers to promote energy-saving and environment-friendly low-temperature circulating dryers. According to the requirements of â€œ500 mu grain field with a dryerâ€, the drying equipment is planned and configured in the production area, and the mechanization of grain drying treatment is gradually improved. By 2018, the wheat area in our city will reach 154,000 mu, and the rice planting area will be 80,000 mu. With this as the goal, Haimen City will, by 2018, plan and build 32 grain drying centers for production areas, adding 1536 tons of drying tonnage. The mechanized drying capacity of food production areas is over 95%.
Strengthen policy support overall linkage
This year, Haimen City will adhere to the principles of demonstration creation and overall promotion, highlighting key points and integration promotion, government guidance, and social participation in the â€œthree combinationsâ€, and strengthen measures such as organization leadership, propaganda and mobilization, policy support, overall linkage, and responsibilities assessment, and promote food Full mechanization of production.
City Finance will increase investment and actively support the establishment of a mechanized demonstration city for the entire process of food production. More awards will be made for the construction of agricultural machine hangars, drying centers, etc. for new types of food, such as full grain trust (family farms). We will strengthen financial and insurance support and include new types of financing for agricultural machinery operations and service providers in the agricultural guarantee system. Actively give play to the guiding role of agricultural machinery purchase subsidies and other policies, and establish and improve the compensation policies for agricultural machinery operations based on weak links such as grain planting, drying in production areas, and efficient plant protection mechanization. Guide to encourage social funds to support the full mechanization of food production.
All relevant departments will coordinate around key links in the mechanization of food production to form a working mechanism of coordinated linkage and overall promotion. The municipal party committee and the municipal government will include the promotion of the mechanization of the entire grain production process as one of the main contents of the assessment of the city's work target responsibility system, and intensify the assessment. The district towns will include the entire mechanization of food production as part of the assessment of the target responsibility system for each village (community), strengthen the implementation of responsibilities, and comprehensively increase the level of mechanization of grain production in our city.
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